Add a New External HDD to a Windows 2008 R2 VM
If make use of virtual machines as much as I do, then you will be in need of more storage space and at the same time running out of space. One way to expand the storage capacity of a virtual machine is to add a second virtual disk.
For this tutorial I will be adding a 40GB virtual hard disk to a Windows Server 2008 R2 virtual machine.
NOTE: The instructions should apply to all versions of VMware Workstations and VMware Player, the instructions will also work with all versions of Windows.
ADD THE SECOND DISK
Start VMware Workstation and select the virtual machine you wish to add the second disk. Click on Edit virtual machine settings.
A new window will open. Click on Add button at the bottom.
Now the Add Hardware Wizard window will present you with several options. Click on Hard Disk and then click on Next.
Select Create a new virtual disk and then on Next.
Usually, VMware Workstation will suggest a type of virtual disk. In this case the suggested type is SCSI (Recommended) and click on Next.
Choose the size of the virtual disk you wish to create in GB. My preference is to choose to split virtual disk into multiple files and click on Next.
Now just tell it where to store the new disk file and click on Finish. I would recommend going with the default, keep all files in the same place.
Again you are presented with an overview of the system configuration. Notice the new second disk is added.
INITIALIZE THE NEW DISK
If you boot the virtual machine the new virtual disk will not appear under windows. You have to make use of a Windows utility called compmgmt.msc which will allow us to manage(initialize, format) the new disk.
NOTE: You will need administrative privileges to run this utility.
Click on Start > Run and type compmgmt.msc and then hit OK.
This will bring a new window, called "Initialize Disk"
Here you are being asked which disk you want to initialize. The C disk is known as disk 0, using logic we know that our new disk will be known as disk 1. Check Disk 1 and click on Next
We still have some work to do before we can use that new disk. Now right click on the unallocated volume (Disk 1) and select New volume….
Click Next on the New Volume Wizard.
In this screen you are being asked to select the disk and disk size. I want to use all of the available space, just click on Next to continue.
Accept the default disk letter and click on Next.
Now this is important. You are being asked whether you want to format the disk with NTFS and the volume label.
DO NOT PERFORM A QUICK FORMAT.. always do a proper format of the disk.
Then just hit Next.
Again you are being presented with an overview of what’s about to be done with the disk. If you agree, click on Finish.
The new disk will now be formatted, allow for some time.
After the formatting is done you can close the window and go to Start > My Computer and you should be able to see the new disk with the assigned letter E.